Dr Samuel Crumpe born in Rathkeale in 1766. He studied medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Returning to Limerick in 1788, he worked in St. John’s Hospital which had only been founded in 1780 by Lady Lucy Pery Harstonge.

He married Susanna Ingram in 1792, they had a son (who did not live past infancy) and a daughter.

He was a made freeman of Limerick in 25 June 1792. Dr. Crumpe’s work on opium provided an experimental basis for classifying the drug as a stimulant rather than a narcotic. He died on the 27 January 1796 aged 29 of typhus which he contracted from a patient.

He is buried in St. Mary’s Cathedral Graveyard. Part of the inscription on his tomb reads

“Were his contemporaries to live forever monuments of his talents, it would be unnecessary to eternize his name. But as they also must descend into the grave, it is a just due to the memory of departed worth to inform posterity that beneath this stone is interred a man who to eminent talents, profound judgements and extensive knowledge, added integrity of the heart, benevolence of the disposition and suavity of manners. As a son, a husband, a parent, a friend, his conduct was such as to merit the tenderest love of those with whom he was connected, the warm approbation and esteem of all to whom he was known”

The following is an extract from Dr Samuel Crumpe’s diary of 1795 in which he kept track of the weather each day of that year, monitoring the barometer reading, wind direction, thermostat reading (from March onwards) and general remarks. The temperatures given are in Fahrenheit. 50 degrees Fahrenheit equals 10 degrees Celsius.


Jan – Feb – MarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

The following are the entries from his weather diary of 1795 for February.

01 Feb 179529.5No ReadingEDry, Frost
02 Feb 179529.5No ReadingNEDry, Frost
03 Feb 179529.8No ReadingNEHeavy Snow
04 Feb 179529.5No ReadingEFrost
05 Feb 179529.5No ReadingEFrost
06 Feb 179529.4No ReadingSESleet and rain
07 Feb 179529.4No ReadingSEWet
08 Feb 179529No ReadingNWDry
09 Feb 179528.8No ReadingWVariable
10 Feb 179528.7No ReadingWDry frost at night
11 Feb 179528.7No ReadingNWFrost
12 Feb 179529.2No ReadingNEFrost slight
13 Feb 179529.7No ReadingNEFrost
14 Feb 179530.3No ReadingNFrost
15 Feb 179530.5No ReadingWFrost
16 Feb 179530.5No ReadingSEFrost
17 Feb 179530.4No ReadingSEFrost
18 Feb 179530.3No ReadingSEFrost
19 Feb 179530.2No ReadingSEFrost
20 Feb 179530No ReadingSEFrost
21 Feb 179529.5No ReadingSESnow
22 Feb 179529No ReadingSEVariable
23 Feb 179529.3No ReadingSEWet
24 Feb 179529.3No ReadingSDry
25 Feb 179529.2No ReadingEDry
26 Feb 179529No ReadingEDry
27 Feb 179529.3No ReadingEDry, snow at night
28 Feb 179529.2No ReadingEDry, thaw

You can find the Weather Reports for other months in 1795 here.