Dr Samuel Crumpe born in Rathkeale in 1766. He studied medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Returning to Limerick in 1788, he worked in St. John’s Hospital which had only been founded in 1780 by Lady Lucy Pery Harstonge.

He married Susanna Ingram in 1792, they had a son (who did not live past infancy) and a daughter.

He was a made freeman of Limerick in 25 June 1792. Dr. Crumpe’s work on opium provided an experimental basis for classifying the drug as a stimulant rather than a narcotic. He died on the 27 January 1796 aged 29 of typhus which he contracted from a patient.

He is buried in St. Mary’s Cathedral Graveyard. Part of the inscription on his tomb reads

“Were his contemporaries to live forever monuments of his talents, it would be unnecessary to eternize his name. But as they also must descend into the grave, it is a just due to the memory of departed worth to inform posterity that beneath this stone is interred a man who to eminent talents, profound judgements and extensive knowledge, added integrity of the heart, benevolence of the disposition and suavity of manners. As a son, a husband, a parent, a friend, his conduct was such as to merit the tenderest love of those with whom he was connected, the warm approbation and esteem of all to whom he was known”

The following is an extract from Dr Samuel Crumpe’s diary of 1795 in which he kept track of the weather each day of that year, monitoring the barometer reading, wind direction, thermostat reading (from March onwards) and general remarks. The temperatures given are in Fahrenheit. 50 degrees Fahrenheit equals 10 degrees Celsius.


JanFebMarApr – May – JunJulAugSepOctNovDec

The following are the entries from his weather diary of 1795 for May

01 May 179529.555WDry
02 May 179530.156WDry
03 May 17953058WDry
04 May 17953059WDry
05 May 17953060WDry
06 May 179530.258WDry
07 May 179530.259WDry
08 May 179530.255NEDry
09 May 179530.254NWDry
10 May 179530.155WDry
11 May 17953054WDry
12 May 179530.153NWDry
13 May 179530.155NWDry
14 May 179530.154NWDry
15 May 179529.654NWShowery
16 May 179529.755SWDry
17 May 179529.655SWWet
18 May 179529.657SWMore wet after dry
19 May 179529.858SWDry
20 May 179530.261WDry
21 May 179530.265WDry
22 May 179530.368WDry
23 May 179530.365WDry
24 May 17953067NEDry
25 May 179530.164EDry
26 May 179530.260SEDry
27 May 179530.357NEDry
28 May 179530.360NWDry
29 May 17953060NWDry
30 May 17953060WDry slight mists
31 May 179529.560WWet

You can find the Weather Reports for other months in 1795 here.