Dr Samuel Crumpe born in Rathkeale in 1766. He studied medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Returning to Limerick in 1788, he worked in St. John’s Hospital which had only been founded in 1780 by Lady Lucy Pery Harstonge.

He married Susanna Ingram in 1792, they had a son (who did not live past infancy) and a daughter.

He was a made freeman of Limerick in 25 June 1792. Dr. Crumpe’s work on opium provided an experimental basis for classifying the drug as a stimulant rather than a narcotic. He died on the 27 January 1796 aged 29 of typhus which he contracted from a patient.

He is buried in St. Mary’s Cathedral Graveyard.

The following is an extract from Dr Samuel Crumpe’s diary of 1795 in which he kept track of the weather each day of that year, monitoring the barometer reading, wind direction, thermostat reading (from March onwards) and general remarks. The temperatures given are in Fahrenheit. 50 degrees Fahrenheit equals 10 degrees Celsius.

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAug – Sep – OctNovDec

The following are the entries from his weather diary of 1795 for September

01 Sept 179529.768WDry
02 Sept 179529.772WDry
03 Sept 179529.574WDry, Heavy rain at night
04 Sept 179529.270EEDry
05 Sept 179529.167SEStormy,wet
06 Sept 179529.567SWDry
07 Sept 179529.767SWDry,showery
08 Sept 179529.966SWshowery
09 Sept 179529.968SWDry
10 Sept 179530.168SDry
11 Sept 179530.170SWDry
12 Sept 179530.171SWDry
13 Sept 179530.170SWDry
14 Sept 179530.171SDry
15 Sept 179530.170SEDry
16 Sept 179530.168SDry
17 Sept 179530.268SDry
18 Sept 179530.268SEDry
19 Sept 179530.169SEHeavy showers,wet
20 Sept 179529.669SEHeavy wet
21 Sept 179529.863SDry
22 Sept 179530.165SDry
23 Sept 179530.163SEDry
24 Sept 179530.161EDry
25 Sept 179529.760EShowers
26 Sept 179529.563SEWet
27 Sept 179529.560NEHeavy showers
28 Sept 179529.563WWet
29 Sept 179529.761WWet
30 Sept 179529.863WWet

You can find the Weather Reports for other months in 1795 here.